Crossing - Patch to Road
First is an animated Gif made by E-Rock
This technique works for small groups that cannot provide normal security
for crossing a small road or danger area. The main security for this is
speed. With practice 9 people can cross the road in 10 seconds. Once
across everyone is still in their position for marching (point man,
compass man, pace counter, TL etc).
Before you do a road crossing or go on patrol, your OPORDER should include
actions for danger areas and road crossings, chance enemy contact (engage
or withdraw) names of those who are designated for recon and search teams
(R&S), security teams, passwords, "number of the day" codes, etc. Your
route should also be know in advance so you can anticipate most danger
areas and cross at points providing the most cover and security.
Upon spotting a road crossing (or danger area) the Point man (PM) sends
the hand signal to the rest of the team.
The team leader (TL) can decide to cross or not cross the road as well as
choosing another site in which to cross. Do not cross where you are if it
is in a poor location or a more secure area is available. If the TL
decides to inspect the area the group either goes into a 360 degree
formation or if in a column or staggered column each member takes 2 steps
out and takes cover while providing security. Point man and rear security
remain watching their respective areas of responsibility.
The team leader may decide to have the recon and security team deploy to
inspect the far side of the danger area or parallel to the team's
direction of travel. He will give the hand signal for the R&S team and
instructions on what he wants checked out. The TL may want to provide
instructions for GOTWA, number of the day etc. Remember you may also be
doing this at night and need a way to signal to each other in the dark you
are a friendly returning.
The R&S team will return and provide the TL with any info they gather
regarding the area. If unsafe they may move to another location to cross
or not cross.
If they decide to cross the TL will designate near and far side rally
points in case they are ambushed before, during or after the crossing.
SOPs can be set up prior to movement for example designating 200 meters
before and after the road crossing as an ORP if contact is made. If
members are across the road and an enemy force attacks from the left or
right, do not cross back into their fire. Move to another position 50
meters or more away and recross to rejoin your team.
If SOP or the TL decides you will cross and use the patch to road
technique you will.
1. Give signal to use the patch to road technique by tapping your unit
patch on your left arm. Members will line up shoulder to shoulder even
during the daytime. Again the main security here is speed.
2. The point man will proceed into the road where he can get a good look
to his left to check for enemy activity. If none he will then turn to his
right and take up security to his right with his unit patch facing towards
3. Number 2 man will move next to the point man to provide security and
either quietly tell him "go" or squeeze his shoulder to let him know his
position is now covered. The point man will now cross the road and take up
security to his left so his unit patch is again facing in towards the
4. Number 3 man will take number 2 man's position in the same way and
number 2 will take the place of the point man who will continue in the
direction of travel.
This is repeated till all members are across. If done at night a head
count can be conducted to ensure all have crossed without gaining any
extra people. If the second person does this he can count up (including
himself and the point man) and go back into line.